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[l] at 5/19/22 9:07am
Osman Mohammad-Parast, a well-known Iranian dutar virtuoso, has passed away at the age of 94 in the city of Khaf, Razavi Khorasan Province. The announcement was made on Thursday by Mahmoud Baaqideh who heads the Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism Department in Khaf. He did not mention the reason of the virtuoso’s death and only said that he passed away in hospital. According to the official, Mohammad-Parast began playing the dutar at the age of 10 and performed in different ceremonies both inside and outside Iran. He said that the renowned musician, in July 2020, was presented a copy of the certificate of the registration of Iran’s dutar on the UNESCO list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The certificate was both in Persian and English, Baaqideh added. He also said that Mohammad-Parast worked with renowned Iranian singers including Mohammad Reza Shajarian and Sharam Nazeri.     By IRNA

[Category: Culture, Headlines, News, Iran’s dutar on the UNESCO list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, Iranian dutar virtuoso passes away]

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[l] at 5/19/22 7:56am
A very large Iranian crude carrier is set to discharge 2 million barrels into an oil terminal in China this week after Western media reports claimed that Beijing might be replacing Iran’s barrels with cheaper Russian shipments. The carrier Diona, owned by the National Iranian Tanker Company (NITC), will arrive in Zhanjiang of Guangdong province, where the cargo will be pumped into a reserve base in the southern port, Reuters reported, citing tanker tracker specialist Vortexa Analytics. “This would be the third Iranian oil cargo destined for government stockpile following two similar-sized shipments in December and January,” the news agency said. Chinese customs, due to release detailed commodities import data for May on June 20, is likely to report the shipment, it added. China officially reported the first imports of Iranian crude oil in a year in January. However, the country has been buying large amount of Iranian oil over the past two years despite ongoing sanctions by the United States government. The shipments are on the rise. Iran is an integral part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, a trillion-dollar infrastructure investment program across Asia, Europe, and Africa to link the economies of those continents. The Asian powerhouse has spent billions of dollars on its relationship with Iran and is positioning itself to spend billions more. This relationship is for the long term, covering the security, defense, and energy sectors. The NITC recently announced that it will construct new crude tankers while it sends about 24 aging ships to be repaired in a bid to return to the global market. Iran has one of the largest tanker fleets globally, with an approximate total deadweight of 15.5 million tonnes. In the wake of the Russian war with Ukraine and the need for more global oil supply, there is rising appetite for Iranian oil. China is reportedly buying more oil now than before the sanctions imposed on Iran in 2018. India, the second largest client of Iran’s crude oil before the sanctions, is also reportedly prepping its refineries for imports. The Indian government is said to have created a contractual template to swiftly reenter negotiations. This is also the trend with Iran’s other major Asian customers, such as South Korea, which was the largest buyer of Iran’s condensate before the sanctions. On Wednesday, Iran’s Minister of Petroleum Javad Owji stressed that Russia is no threat to Iran’s oil sales. Russia is facing an EU ban on its oil exports following sanctions introduced by Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The specter of the ban on about half of Russia’s 7.85 million barrels a day (bpd) of exported crude and refined oil to Europe has led to speculation that Russia would look for new markets in Asia, where China and India continue to buy Russian crude offered at discount. Owji told reporters that it would take Russia time to find new markets to replace possible losses in exports to Europe or north America. Moreover, while the Group of Seven (G7) nations, including Japan, have agreed to phase out Russian oil imports, the EU has been unable to reach consensus on following through the plan, mainly due to opposition from member states dependent on Russian supplies. The push for a ban has put a group of three landlocked countries Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic in a bind: the trio are physically connected to the Russian-operated Druzhba pipeline and obtain the majority of supplies from the massive conduit. Bulgaria, which has access to the sea, has joined the skeptical group and asked for a similar dispensation EU sanctions require the unanimous approval of all 27 member states. This means the group of four could hold up the final decision for as long as they think necessary to secure their carve-outs. According to new Eurostat figures, Russian earnings from oil exports to Europe at a higher level in 2022 than in 2021.     By  IRNA 

[Category: Economy, Headlines, News, Iran’s Minister of oil Javad Owji, National Iranian Tanker Company (NITC)]

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[l] at 5/19/22 7:19am
Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei has hailed efforts by the government and other institutions in Iran to boost birth rate in the country as he asks for more support to programs meant to tackle Iran’s demographic challenges. In a message to the First Summit of Iran’s National Population Headquarters on Wednesday, Ayatollah Khamenei said that finding solutions to the problem of Iran’s rapidly aging population is among the most vital tasks facing officials in the country. “I insist once more that trying to increase birth rate and making the country’s workforce younger and supporting the families are among the most vital duties facing authorities and people,” read part of the message. In a speech to the Summit, Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi vowed his administration will introduce more financial incentives, including cheap loans and affordable housing, to boost Iran’s birth rate. Raisi added that his government will launch campaigns to inform the public about the incentives. Iran’s Leader: Laborers at forefront of fight against plots to cripple domestic production Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei says Iranian laborers are at the forefront of the fight against the enemies’ plots to cripple domestic production. He also asked for parliament and government legislation that could facilitate the implementation of Iran’s Law on Family Support and Youthful Population. The President said the law has been facing challenges in recent years. Iran had made significant success in its demographic programs until the year to March 2020 when birth rate in the country dropped by 0.2 points to 1.6, one of the lowest in 8 years. The figures caused the government to offer more incentives to the couples, including free fertility treatment and other allowances and payments, to reverse the trend. Estimates by the SCI shows Iran’s population would reach 88.358 million in 2026 and 95.278 million in 2036. By PRESS TV

[Category: Headlines, News, Politics, Ayatollah seyyed Ali Khamenei, Iran's birth rate]

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[l] at 5/19/22 6:01am
President Ebrahim Raisi says Iran favors expanding its cooperation with Cuba through drawing on the diverse capacities that exist in each country. The president described Iran and Cubas ties as strategic in nature, saying those capacities have to be used towards expansion of the mutual cooperation in the commercial, economic, agricultural, healthcare, and medical areas. Iran and Cubas positive and constructive relations can be extrapolated to the area of the countries international interaction too, Raisi told Cubas visiting Deputy Prime Minister Ricardo Cabrisas in Tehran Wednesday. The Iranian president made special references to the countries successful cooperation in the healthcare area. In January 2021, Iran and Cuba signed an agreement to cooperate on a coronavirus vaccine project amid crippling sanctions imposed on the two countries by the administration of former United States President Donald Trump. The cooperation led to the development of the Pastu Covac vaccine, which has been successfully used against several mutations of the highly infectious virus. By relying on their domestic potential, Iran and Cuba can reach self-sufficiency in various areas and production of strategic products, Raisi said. He touched on existing areas and potentials of cooperation with Latin American countries, saying Iran intends to develop its relations with independent countries that resist the global arrogances excessive demands, including Cuba. The Cuban official, for his part, described mutual ties as deep and strategic in nature, underlining Havanas will to develop its economic and commercial relationship with Tehran. He also called for the implementation of medium-term and long-term projects that would enhance mutual relations to the level of multilateral relations across the Latin American region.   By PRESS TV 

[Category: Headlines, News, Politics, Iran-Cuba relations, Iran-Cuba ties]

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[l] at 5/19/22 4:53am
Stating that Leader of the Islamic Revolution supported nuclear science and technology for years, Chief of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran said that Iran has presently become self-sufficient in nuclear fuel cycle. Speaking in a specialized meeting entitled “Impact of Strategic Measures Introduced by Leader of the Revolution on Advancements of Nuclear Technology, held virtually in holy city of Mashhad on Wednesday, Mohammad Eslami said that Iran has witnessed extraordinary rapid progress of science and technology in all fields especially nuclear technology. Even before the glorious victory of the Islamic Revolution, when superpowers were supposed to build facilities for Iran, they stopped construction of projects and did not fulfil their obligations due to the conditions of the Revolution, he said, adding that Leader of the Islamic Revolution threw his weight behind the advancement of nuclear science and technology since years ago and all-out support of the Leader caused the country to achieve salient progresses in this field and presently, the country has become self-sufficient in nuclear fuel cycle. Elsewhere in his remarks, AEOI chief referred to the products of the country in the fields of health and radiopharmaceuticals and said that, unfortunately, enemies of the country have left no stone unturned to prevent Iran from accessing nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and if it were not for the support of Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Iran would not have achieved such progress in this field.” Iran’s development programs must move forwards without any interruption since the country has benefited from talented youth, he added. Eslami also noted the enrichment of uranium to 20% and 60% to produce fuel is continuing in Iran.     By MEHR 

[Category: Headlines, News, Nuclear program, AEOI Chief, Iran's nuclear fuel]

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[l] at 5/19/22 4:28am
The Simorgh transport aircraft, built by the specialists of the Iran Aviation Industries Organization was unveiled in the presence of Irans Minister of Defense in Isfahan province. Speaking at the unveiling ceremony of the Simorgh transport aircraft at Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries (HESA) on Thursday, Brigadier-General Mohammad Reza Ashtiani said, Given the developments in the region and the threats against the Islamic Republic, aircrafts play an important role in the transportation of cargo, personnel, and support for the armed forces on battlefields. Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics of Iran, as a power-building, authorizing, and supporting organization of the Armed Forces has a great mission to increase the deterrent power of the Islamic Republic, the Iranian Defense Minister stressed. Meeting the needs of the armed forces in various fields of land, sea, air, and electronic warfare is a key priority of the ministry of defense, he stressed. Simorh transport aircraft is a redesigned and advanced version of the same generation, which perfectly fits the needs of the country and armed forces, Ashtiani said, adding that Being equipped with high-tech, indigenous materials, the Simorh aircraft has been designed in accordance with Irans climatic conditions as well as international standards and regulations.     By MEHR 

[Category: Headlines, Military Issues, News, Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries (HESA), Simorgh aircraft]

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[l] at 5/19/22 3:02am
The Iranian Foreign Minister and the Azerbaijan First Deputy Prime Minister called for boosting Tehran-Baku economic ties, especially in the energy and transportation sectors. Azerbaijan’s First Deputy Prime Minister Shahin Mustafayev, who has traveled to Iran, met and held talks with Iran’s Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian on Wednesday. Mustafayevs visit to Tehran, who also heads the Azerbaijani side of the Joint Economic Cooperation Committee with Iran,  was aimed to follow up on agreements previously reached by the two sides and discuss further cooperation. Referring to the current trip of Iran’s First Deputy Parliament Speaker Ali Nikzad to Azerbaijan, which is taking place simultaneously with Shahin Mustafayev’s visit to Tehran, Amir-Abdollahian said that these visits indicate that the two countries are determined to expand their cooperation in all areas. Saying the desire of the presidents of the two countries is to deepen bilateral cooperation, the Iranian top diplomat expressed satisfaction over the growth of trade exchanges between the two sides in the past eight months as well as the implementation of a project to swap Turkmenistan’s gas to Azerbaijan via Iran. The need to facilitate the transportation of citizens of the two countries, financial exchanges, and cooperation of border provinces were other issues raised by the Iranian Foreign minister. The Azeri official, on his part, said that top officials of the two countries have the political will to boost mutual cooperation and stressed their role in achieving that goal. The meeting between the presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan on the sidelines of the ECO summit in Ashgabat was a turning point in starting a new phase in relations between the two countries, he stressed.     By MEHR 

[Category: Economy, Headlines, News, Iran- Azerbaijan economic ties, Iran-Azerbaijan relations]

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[l] at 5/18/22 12:53pm
Head of Dezful Culture and Islamic Guidance office said that Iranian artist Hamid Tajallifard visual art works have been showcased in the Iran-Italy joint exhibition. Speaking to IRNA, Alireza Charkhabi said that the exhibition with environment theme is underway in cooperation with Iranian artists and the International Art Textile Biennale (IATB) of Italy. He added that the Iranian works were reviewed by Italian referees. He noted that the works of three Iranian artists were showcased in the event.     By IRNA 

[Category: Culture, Headlines, News, Iran-Italy joint exhibition, Iranian artists]

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[l] at 5/18/22 11:03am
Iran’s Paykan overpowered Iraqi side Erbil Sport Club 3-0 (25-13, 25-19, 25-14) on Wednesday to book a place in the 2022 Asian Men’s Club Volleyball Championship semifinals. The Iranian star-studded team will play Kazakhstan’s Taraz in the stage on Thursday. Paykan are the most decorated Asian club, winning the competition seven times. The winners of the Asian Mens Club Volleyball Championship will qualify for the FIVB Volleyball Mens Club World Championship.     By TEHRAN TIMES

[Category: News, Sports, Asian Club Volleyball Championship, Paykan volleyball club]

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[l] at 5/18/22 10:53am
Chief of Staff of Iranian Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Bagheri and Tajikistan’s President Emomali Rahmon, in a meeting in Dushanbe on Tuesday, stressed the need for joint efforts to establish peace and security in Afghanistan, IRNA reported. During the meeting, President Rahmon noted that historical affinities and common language used by the two nations have provided a unique chance for enhancing bilateral relations in different defensive, military, cultural, political, and economic areas. Referring to the inauguration of an Iranian factory for building drones in Tajikistan, the Tajik leader said that the armed forces of his country welcome any kind of defensive and military cooperation with Iran. In the meantime, the Iranian side referred to the strategic position of Iran and Tajikistan in the region and said that expansion of different military cooperation with Tajikistan is high on the agenda of Tehran.     By TEHRAN TIMES

[Category: Headlines, Military Issues, News, afghanistan crisis, Iran-Tajikistan military cooperations]

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[l] at 5/18/22 9:41am
A top UN human rights official has slammed the United States for its brutal sanctions regime against the Islamic Republic of Iran, asserting that harsh economic sanctions have had a damaging impact on human rights in the country. Alena Douhan, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Negative Impact of Unilateral Coercive Measures on the Enjoyment of Human Rights, who is on an official visit to Iran these days, convened a press conference in Tehran on Wednesday afternoon. Speaking to reporters, Douhan noted that decades of sanctions have wholly affected Iranian people’s lives and have particularly hit the low-income section of the society. While presenting her assessment of the unilateral coercive measures (UCM) against Iran, the UN official who works under a mandate from the United Nations Human Rights Council, called on Washington to abandon its hard-nosed policy of maximum pressure against Iran and other countries. Douhan, who arrived in Tehran earlier this month, said she had met with many civil society members, representatives of financial centers, diplomatic community during her visit. She said she will address her concerns about the legality of US sanctions in her final report, which will be released at a later date. Douhan’s mission from May 7 to 18 is the first to Iran by a UN special rapporteur. Before embarking on the trip, the UN official said she hoped to gather first-hand information on the impact of unilateral coercive measures on the full realization of all human rights in Iran. My visit will aim at covering all walks of life and sectors affected by such measures, she noted, dismissing speculation in the Western media that she was heading to Iran with a specific agenda. She told reporters on Wednesday that the US has since the 1970s imposed crippling economic and trade sanctions on Iran and significantly expanded them since the early 2000s. In May 2018, the former US President Donald Trump, after unilaterally withdrawing his country from the 2015 nuclear deal, reinstated harsh economic sanctions on Iran and slapped new ones in an unprecedented move that was widely decried. Under the 2015 agreement, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), international sanctions on the Islamic Republic were eased in exchange for Tehran putting limitations on certain aspects of its nuclear activities. Trump’s sanctions deprived the Islamic Republic of economic dividends under the accord as it barred countries and international firms from working with Iran. The mercurial real estate tycoon-turned-presidents successor, Joe Biden, who was vice president when the JCPOA was inked in 2015, promised to return his country to the deal. But his administration has failed to honor the commitment, following Trumps legacy. According to the UN special rapporteur, the US continues to illegally ban trade and investment in Iran, forcing foreign companies to leave the country for the fear of sanctions. Douhans landmark visit to Iran came amid the stalemate over the nuclear deal, with the US showing reluctance to respond to Irans proposals. Decrying the US decision to abandon the nuclear deal and continue with its sanctions regime, she said the deal was endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231. “Applying extraterritorial sanctions on Iranian companies or companies working with Iran … is illegal under international law,” she asserted. Commenting on Irans frozen assets abroad, the UN official said the assets estimated to be around $120 billion need to be unblocked. “I urge the states that have frozen the assets of Iranian Central Bank to immediately unfreeze Iran’s funds based on international law.” Douhan began her 11-day visit to Iran on May 7, a day before the fourth anniversary of the US illegal withdrawal from the JCPOA. Last week, Iran’s top human rights official Kazem Gharibabadi said Douhan’s visit was only aimed at gathering information on the impact of sanctions to hold countries (US) to account. “Nations hit by sanctions should use all available resources to hold the countries calling for and enforcing unilateral sanctions liable,” Gharibabadi said. His comments came in response to reports in Western media accusing Iran of exploiting the visit to avoid accountability and “deflect attention” from its alleged human rights violations. In her Wednesday press conference, Douhan also welcomed Iran’s efforts to support Afghan refugees, displaced by the 20-year US war, despite reeling under sanctions. “I call on the sanctioning states, particularly the US, to abandon the unilateral sanctions,” she stated. She also referred to stalled negotiations in Vienna to bring the US back to the JCPOA, urging the JCPOA signatories and the US to resume the negotiations.” Iran and the P4+1 group of countries – Britain, France, Germany, China, and Russia – have held several rounds of sanctions in the Austrian capital since April 2021 to revive the JCPOA. Iran says its primary goal at the talks is to have the illegal US sanctions removed.     By PRESS TV 

[Category: Environment, Headlines, Human Rights, News, UN rapporteur, unilateral coercive measures (UCM), US sanctions against Iran]

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[l] at 5/18/22 7:48am
Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said that there is no new development in the course of Iran-Saudi Arabia ongoing negotiations, although there are certain issues on both sides’ agendas. Answering a question posed by the IRNA foreign policy reporter, Saeed Khatibzadeh said that even after the last round of negotiations, there has been no new development. Remaining silent about the news broadcasted about a possible meeting between the Iranian and Saudi foreign ministers in Baghdad, Khatibzadeh said that like all other similar negotiations, there are proposals on the method and level of them, proposed by both sides. A member of the Iranian Parliament’s National Security and Foreign Policy Commission had recently said that the preliminary agreements between Tehran and Riyadh have been reached and in near future the two countries’ foreign ministers will meet in Baghdad.     By IRNA 

[Category: Headlines, News, Politics, Iran-Saudi talks, Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh]

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[l] at 5/18/22 6:52am
A senior Iranian delegation has traveled to Oman to discuss bilateral trade ties before a planned trip by Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi to the Arab Sultanate. Iran’s official IRNA agency said in a Tuesday report that a delegation led by deputy trade minister Alireza Peymanpak had traveled to Oman a day earlier to hold talks with senior government officials and to attend major trade and investment events in the country. Reports in the Omani media showed Peymanpak holding talks with officials from Omans Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Investment Promotion. The IRNA report said that representatives from 30 Iranian companies as well as officials from Iran’s ports authority and the Export Guarantee Fund of Iran have been accompanying Peymanpak in his trip to Oman. It said a high-ranking government delegation led by President Raisi is expected to travel to Oman soon without elaborating on any exact date. Since taking office in August, Raisi has emphasized the need for more trade and economic cooperation with Arab countries in the Persian Gulf. His administration has reached major agreements with Qatar while trade delegates have been dispatched to the United Arab Emirates and Oman in recent months to explore increased economic ties with those states. Figures by the Iranian customs office show trade between Iran and Oman reached $1.336 billion over the Persian calendar year to late March, a record high and an increase of 53% against the previous year.     By PRESS TV 

[Category: Headlines, News, Politics, Iran-Oman relations, Iran-Oman trade ties]

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[l] at 5/18/22 6:02am
Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian held a meeting with the visiting State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic Ingrid Brocková in Tehran on Tuesday. The Deputy Foreign Minister of the Slovak Republic, who has traveled to Tehran to attend a meeting of political consultations between the Deputy Foreign Ministers of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Slovakia, met on Tuesday afternoon with the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, to discuss issues of interest. In the meeting, Amir-Abdollahian expressed satisfaction with the results of political consultations between the two deputy foreign ministers and expressed Irans readiness to promote and deepen bilateral political and economic cooperation, as well as cooperation in international organizations. The top Iranian diplomat described the holding of the Joint Economic Commission as a good opportunity to discuss new trade and economic fields. Referring to the ongoing developments in the region, the Iranian Foreign Minister stressed the principled stance of the Islamic Republic of Iran in opposition to the war and harming unarmed people and said, Unfortunately, in our region such as in Afghanistan, Palestine and Yemen, we are witnessing tragic scenes of harming the ordinary people, women and children, and it is necessary for international and European institutions and organizations to take a proper approach and pay more attention to this issue. The Slovakian deputy foreign minister, for her part, expressed her happiness with the holding of a meeting of political consultations between the two countries and stressed the importance of strengthening political ties and economic relations between the two countries.     By MEHR 

[Category: Headlines, News, Politics, Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, iran-slovakia relations]

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[l] at 5/18/22 5:08am
Irans Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN Zahra Ershadi has slammed the international communitys inaction on Israels war crimes and continuous terrorism against the Palestinian people, saying the Security Council must take immediate action to hold the regime responsible for its brutalities. Every day, we are witnessing the Israel regimes crimes against the Palestinian people, Ershadi said on Tuesday. The Islamic Republic of Iran calls on the United Nations, in particular the Security Council, to take swift measures in support of the Palestinian people to end the Israeli aggression and impunity and to hold the regime accountable for the international crimes it has committed over the decades, she emphasized. Pointing to the recent murder of a renowned Palestinian journalist in the occupied West Bank city of Jenin, the Iranian diplomat said the Israeli forces brutally martyred Shireen Abu Akleh in an attempt to silence the voice of the Palestinian peoples resistance against the regimes acts of aggression and occupation, something that will never materialize. Abu Akleh, a veteran of the Qatar-based Al Jazeera networks Arabic service, was shot in the head on Wednesday, when she was reporting on an Israeli raid against Palestinians living in the Jenin refugee camp. Her tragic death sent shockwaves across the region, drawing global condemnation. The United Nations and the European Union, among others, have called for a full investigation into what has been described as a deliberate killing “in cold blood.” New footage has revealed Israeli forces’ brutality and violence at the funeral of the slain Palestinian journalist as they stormed a hospital prior to the procession, hitting and shoving people inside, including patients, and firing from the grounds of the medical facility. In a tweet on Sunday, Iran’s top human rights official also said the Israeli regime, owing to the United States’ unswerving support, will continue its “unspeakable crimes” with no end in sight, urging the international community to make a stand to put an end to Tel Aviv’s atrocities. “Enjoying the United States’ unwavering support for decades, the regime’s unspeakable crimes will continue with no end in sight – unless the intl. community makes a stand!” Kazem Gharibabadi, the secretary of Iran’s High Council for Human Rights and the Judiciary chief’s deputy for international affairs, tweeted.     By PRESS TV 

[Category: Headlines, Human Rights, News, World, Israeli crimes against Palestinians, Palestinian crisis, Zahra Ershadi]

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[l] at 5/18/22 4:12am
Today is considered a significant cultural event for Iranians to commemorate the great Iranian poet, astronomer, writer, and mathematician Omar Khayyam. Omar Khayyam was born on 18 May 1048 in Nishapur, in northeastern Iran, and spent most of his life near the court of the Karakhanid and Seljuq rulers in the period which witnessed the First Crusade. A literal translation of the name Khayyam means tent maker and this may have been the trade of Ibrahim his father. The political events of the 11th Century played a major role in the course of Khayyams life. The Seljuq Turks invaded southwestern Asia in the 11th Century and eventually founded an empire that included Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, and most of Iran. The Seljuq occupied the grazing grounds of Khorasan and then, between 1038 and 1040, they conquered all of north-eastern Iran. The Seljuq ruler Toghrïl Beg proclaimed himself sultan at Nishapur in 1038 and entered Baghdad in 1055. It was in this difficult unstable military empire, which also had religious problems as it attempted to establish an orthodox Muslim state that Khayyam grew up. The statue of Khayyam in United Nations Office in Vienna as a part of Persian Scholars Pavilion  Khayyam studied science, philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy at Nishapur, and about the year 1068, he traveled to Bukhara, where he frequented the renowned library of the Ark. However Khayyam was an outstanding mathematician and astronomer and he did write several works including Problems of Arithmetic, a book on music and one on algebra before he was 25 years old. In 1070 he moved to Samarkand in Uzbekistan where there Khayyam was supported by Abu Tahir, a prominent jurist of Samarkand, and this allowed him to write his most famous algebra work, Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra. It is presumed that due to his relationship with Tahir, ruler Shams al-Mulk distinctively regarded Omar with esteem. Toghril Beg, the founder of the Seljuq dynasty, had made Isfahan the capital of his domains and his grandson Sultan Malik-Shah I was the ruler of that city from 1073. An invitation was sent to Khayyam from Malik-Shah and from his Grand Vizier Nizam al-Mulk asking Khayyam to go to Isfahan to set up an Observatory there and lead a group of scientists in carrying out precise astronomical observations aimed at the revision of the Persian calendar. Jalali calendar by Khayyam It was a period of peace during which the political situation allowed Khayyam the opportunity to devote himself entirely to his scholarly work. During this time the scientist measured the length of a year tropical year length with remarkable precision. The resulted calendar was named in Malik-Shahs honor as the Jalali calendar and was inaugurated on March 15, 1079. The Jalali calendar was a true solar calendar where the duration of each month is equal to the time of the passage of the Sun across the corresponding sign of the Zodiac. This calendar was used until the 20th century in Iran and it became the official national calendar of Qajar Iran in 1911. This calendar was simplified in 1925 and the names of the months were modernized, resulting in the modern Iranian calendar. After the death of Malik-Shah and his vizier in 1092, Khayyam fell from favor at court and funding to run the Observatory ceased, and Khayyams calendar reform was put on hold. Despite being out of favor on all sides, Khayyam remained at the Court and tried to regain favor. He wrote a work in which he described former rulers in Iran as men of great honor who had supported public works, science, and scholarship. He was then invited by the new Sultan Sanjar to Marv, possibly to work as a court astrologer. Sanjar created a great center of Islamic learning in Marv where Khayyam wrote further works on mathematics. He was famous during his life as a mathematician. ‘A commentary on the difficulties concerning the postulates of Euclids Elements’, ‘On the division of a quadrant of a circle’ and ‘On proofs for problems concerning Algebra’ are among his surviving mathematical works. Outside the world of mathematics and astronomy, Khayyam is also best known as a result of Edward Fitzgeralds popular translation in 1859 of nearly 600 short four-line poems the Rubaiyat. Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam Khayyams fame as a poet has caused some to forget his scientific achievements which were much more substantial. Versions of the forms and verses used in the Rubaiyat existed in Persian literature before Khayyam, and only about 120 of the verses can be attributed to him with certainty. The poems celebrated the pleasures of life while illuminating the nuanced political and religious context in which they were created. Of all the verses, the best known is the following: The Moving Finger writes, and, having writ, Moves on: nor all thy Piety nor Wit Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line, Nor all thy Tears wash out a Word of it. He also considered himself intellectually to be a student of Avicenna. There are six philosophical papers believed to have been written by Khayyam. Philosophy, jurisprudence, history, mathematics, medicine, and astronomy are among the subjects mastered by this brilliant man. Mausoleum of Omar Khayyam in Nishapur Khayyam died in Nishapur at the age of 83, on December 4, 1131.  His mausoleum is a modern monument of white marble erected over Omar Khayyams tomb located in Nishapur. Although the tomb witnessed many calamities, it is not ruined and can host avid tourists from around the world. In 1934, the reconstruction of the mausoleum was commissioned and Hooshang Seyhoun, who was the supervisor of national monuments constructions with Hossein Jodat, transferred the place of the tomb, and this process continued till 1962. The triangular parts around the tomb are associated with a tent that implies Khayyams name. The Mausoleum of Khayyam is one of the most important buildings of that period in terms of creativity, construction, and architecture. This monument was registered in the list of National Heritage in 1963. Aerial view of Mausoleum of Omar Khayyam in Nishapur Ordibehesht 28 in the Persian calendar corresponding with May 18 is the commemoration day of the world-renowned Persian poet, astronomer, and mathematician Omar Khayyam. Every year, a number of literati and scholars from around the world convene at the mausoleum of Khayyam to mark his National Day. A ceremony is traditionally held on this day in his mausoleum in Nishapur, as well as in many other locations across the country and worldwide.     By MEHR 

[Category: Culture, Headlines, News, National Day of Omar Khayyam]

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[l] at 5/18/22 2:52am
Saying that the draft agreement on resuming compliance with the JCPOA has been ready for more than two months, the French foreign ministry called on JCPOA parties to make necessary decisions to finalize the nuclear agreement. The draft agreement on resuming compliance with the JCPOA has been ready for more than two months. That is why the E3 negotiators left Vienna – they were convinced that it could be finalized within a very short time, the French foreign ministry spokesperson said in reply to a question on the possibility of the Vienna negotiations resuming in the very near future. However, it is being held up by an issue between the United States and Iran that is not related to the JCPOA, he added. He also called on the parties to JCPOA to take a responsible approach and to urgently make the decisions that are needed to finalize the agreement. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov recently said that a draft agreement in Vienna talks between Iran and the P4+1 is completely prepared, adding that there is the possibility of finalizing the talks in the coming days. The Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian has also said in a tweet that A good and reliable outcome [in Vienna talks] is within reach if the US makes its decision & adheres to its commitments. The Vienna talks between the Iranian delegations and the P4 + 1 (Britain, France, Russia, China, and Germany) with the indirect involvement of the United States, which is not pat a JCPOA participant anymore after its illegal withdrawal from the deal in May 2018, with the aim of the removal of unilateral sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran and revive the JCPOA were paused on March 11 at the request of the EU foreign policy chief amid the US refusal to lift the sanctions. Iran has said that it is in no hurry to reach an agreement with the West until the remaining issues left in the talks, which have to do with the sanctions, are resolved.     By MEHR 

[Category: Headlines, Iran Nuclear Talks, News, Politics, JCPOA, Vienna talks]

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[l] at 5/17/22 11:49am
Director of Preventable Diseases of Iran’s Ministry of Health Mohsen Zahraei said on Tuesday that Iran is among the leading world countries in vaccination. Zahraei made the remarks in an exclusive interview with IRNA correspondent on the occasion of World Vaccination Week. He said that the Iranian Ministry of Health has been providing vaccination coverage to 95% of the country’s population for many years. The theme of the vaccination plan says that no child should die from preventable diseases, the official said. He added that Iran has vaccinated some 235,000 non-Iranians between 9 and 30 years old living in the country against measles over the past recent weeks.     By IRNA 

[Category: CoronaVirus, Headlines, News, Iran COVID-19 vaccination, Iranian Health Ministry]

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[l] at 5/17/22 10:21am
Iranian Finance and Economic Affairs Minister Ehsan Khandouzi and Cuba’s deputy prime minister, and the Cuban president’s special envoy Ricardo Cabrisas, met on Tuesday in Tehran and both sides agreed to increase trade, economic ties. Ricardo Cabrisas, Cuba’s deputy prime minister and the Cuban president’s special envoy, who has traveled to Tehran to take part in the 18th meeting of the Iran-Cuba Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation, met with Khandouzi on Tuesday and exchanged views on topics of mutual interest. Iranian Finance and Economic Affairs Minister said in the meeting that Iran has always called for establishing long-term economic relations with Latin American countries, especially Cuba. He added that according to the history of the supreme political cooperation of the two countries, Cuba is particularly important for the Islamic Republic of Iran. Khandouzi in the meeting highlighted the necessity of promoting economic relations between the two countries in the fields of health and agriculture, and called for boosting economic ties between the two countries. **** Climate change & Ukrainian crisis challenges Cuba food security Ricardo Cabrisas, Cuba’s deputy prime minister and the Cuban president’s special envoy for his part in the meeting said that climate change and Ukrainian crisis, has had challenged Cubas food security.He announced his countrys readiness to use the experiences and technology of Iranian companies.     By IRNA 

[Category: Economy, Headlines, News, Iran-Cuba economic ties, Iran-Cuba relations]

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[l] at 5/17/22 9:18am
Ayatollah Abdollah Fatemi-Nia, who was mostly known by the public for his teachings of ethics, died on Monday. He was 76. Fatemi-Nia was diagnosed with cancer four years ago and was under intensive care in a hospital since March this year.     By TEHRAN TIMES

[Category: Headlines, News, Society, Ayatollah Fatemi-Nia passes away]

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[l] at 5/17/22 8:32am
Irans intelligence ministry has arrested two French spies for attempting to stoke chaos and social disorder in the country during protests by teachers. The two French nationals, Cécile Kohler, 37, and Jacqeus Paris, 69, traveled to Iran on April 28 as tourists but turned out to be spies for the Western agencies. The duo attempted to foment instability and social disorder earlier this month when some teachers took to the streets in peaceful protests to demand fair wages and better working conditions, according to the ministry. In a video, released by local media, two French spies are shown entering Iran and participating in the protests. In an audio file, which has poor quality, a woman and a man are heard talking about a battle to gather majority to produce a revolutionary doc. The video also features some photos of the French pair visiting activists in Iran who were imprisoned on spying charges or attempting to cause social disorder. Some photos show that the two were linked with teachers unionists including Rasoul Bodaghi. Teachers Union is deemed as an illegal association in Iran. The video concludes that the French nationals were arrested on charges of spying. On Friday the French government condemned the arrest. The head of a French education union said an employee and her husband had gone missing while on holiday in Iran. It did not identify the pair. In January, Benjamin Brière, another French national, was sentenced to eight years in prison on spying charges after he had photographed prohibited areas with a drone.       By PRESS TV 

[Category: Headlines, News, Politics, Iran's intelligence ministry arrests two French nationals, Iran’s Intelligence Ministry]

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[l] at 5/17/22 1:04am
The expansion of the NATO, as well as the Wests disregard for Russias security considerations, have led to the current situation in Ukraine, Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Saeed Khatibzadeh said. In an interview with RIA Novosti, the Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesperson talked about the circumstances that resulted in the eruption of crisis in Ukraine. Iran believes that the root cause of the expansion of NATO or ignoring the realities of Europe is the Western countries’ disregard for the political and security considerations of a number of countries, especially Russia, as well as the agreements that have been concluded decades ago, Khatibzadeh said. Russia launched a military attack on Ukraine on February 24. The operation was launched following Kiev’s failure to implement the terms of the Minsk agreements and Moscow’s recognition of the breakaway regions of Donetsk and Luhansk, Russia said. At the time, Russian President Vladimir Putin said one of the goals of what he called a “special military operation” was to “de-Nazify” Ukraine. The US and its NATO allies have thrown their weight behind Ukraine, slapping unprecedented sanctions on Moscow in a bid to pressure it to abandon its operation in the former Soviet republic. They have also aided Kiev with sophisticated military equipment, which has prolonged the conflict in Ukraine, according to observers.     By Tasnim News Agency 

[Category: Headlines, News, Politics, World, Saeed Khatibzadeh, Ukraine crisis]

As of 5/19/22 11:43am. Last new 5/19/22 11:08am.

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